This is a research-based text that provides readers with established principles and concepts in ergonomics and shows how these can be applied to contemporary problems in sport and other physical activities. It is unique in that this text is the only one in this area of ergonomic application. The reader is provided with information on how ergonomics can be used to improve physical performance and enhance safety. The physical properties of the body and the factors limiting performance are considered. Injury risk factors are identified in relation to body mechanics within different physical activities and the interactions between the individual, the task and the environment are analysed. There is emphasis on injury prevention with particular reference to sports equipment and sports environmental concerns and so this is a must read for those interested in improved performance, greater efficiency and fewer injuries in sport and exercise.